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2005年11月成人本科學士學位英語統一考試

2006-10-23 09:12   來源:北京地區成人三級英語網       我要糾錯 | 打印 | 收藏 | | |

  北京地區成人本科學士學位英語統一考試(A)

  2005.11

  注意事項

  一、將答題卡(紙)上的姓名及學生代號用中文和阿拉伯數字填好。

  二、仔細閱讀題目的說明。

  三、在120分鐘內答完全部試題。

  四、答案一定寫在答題卡上,凡是寫在試題冊上的答案一律作廢。

  五、用鉛筆這樣劃答案:[A] [B] [C] [D],用其他符號答題者不記分。

  六、如要改動答案,必須先用橡皮擦去原來選定的答案,然后再按上面的規定重新答題。

  Part I   Reading Comprehension (30%)

  Directions: There are four passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

  Passage 1

  Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following passage:

  Languages are remarkably complex and wonderfully complicated organs of culture. (76) They contain the quickest and the most efficient means of communicating within their respective culture. To learn a foreign language is to learn another culture. In the words of a poet and philosopher, “As many languages as one speaks, so many lives one lives.” A culture and its language are as necessary as brain and body; while one is a part of the other, neither can function without the other. In learning a foreign language, the best beginning would be starting with the non-language elements of the language: its gestures, its body language, etc. Eye contact is extremely important in English. Direct eye contact leads to understanding, or, as the English saying goes, seeing eye-to-eye. We can never see eye-to-eye with a native speaker of English until we have learned to look directly into his eyes.

  1. The best title for this passage is

  A. Organs of Culture         B. Brain and  Body

  C. Looking into his eyes      D. Language and Culture

  2. According to this passage, the best way to learn a foreign language is__________

  A. to read the works of poets and philcsophers

  B. to find a native speaker and look directly into his eyes

  C. to begin by learning its body language

  D. to visit a country where you can study

  3. According to this passage, gestures are__________

  A. spoken words             B. a non-language element

  C. pictures in a language      D. written language

  4. “As many languages as one speaks, so many lives……”means__________

  A. if one learns many foreign languages, one will have a better

  understanding of his own language

  B. life is richer and more interesting if one knows several  languages

  C. no matter how many languages one knows, one can never

  know more than one's own culture

  D. if a person speaks only one language, he will live a very happy  life

  5. Which of the following doesn't share the same meaning with the  others?

  A. signs                    B. gestures

  C. efficient                 D. body language

  Passage 2

  Questions 6 to 10 are based on the following passage:

  Trees are useful to man in three very important ways: they provide him with wood and other products; they give him shade; and they help to prevent droughts (干旱) and floods.

  Unfortunately, man has not realized that the third of these services is the most important. Two thousand years ago a rich and powerful country cut down its trees to build warships, with which to gain itself an empire (帝國)。 It gained the empire, but, without its trees, its soil became hard and poor. When the empire fell to pieces, the home country found itself faced by flood and starvation.

 ?。?7) Even though a government realizes the importance of a plentiful supply of trees, it is difficult for it to persuade villagers to see this. The villagers want wood to cook their food with; and they can earn money by selling wood. They are usually too lazy to plant and look after the trees. (78) So, unless the government has a good system of control, or can educate the people, the forests will slowly disappear.

  This does not only mean that the villagers' children and grandchildren will have fewer trees. The results are even more serious, for where there are trees their roots break the soil up allowing the rain to sink in-and also bind the soil, thus preventing its being washed away easily; but where there are no trees, the rain falls on hard ground and flows away from the surface, causing flood.

  6. What is the most important function of trees?

  A. Providing fuel.               B. Offering shade.

  C. Preventing natural disaster.     D. Providing wood.

  7. What eventually happened to the empire in the paragraph?

  A. Its people died of hunger.

  B. It fell to pieces.

  C. It became a giant empire.

  D. It built many ships with wood.

  8. It is implied in the passage that the villagers__________

  A. want a plentiful supply of trees.

  B. want firewood badly.

  C. just want to get money.

  D. don't realize the importance of trees.

  9. The role of trees is to__________

  A. loosen soil                 B. keep soil in position

  C. harden soil                D. both A and B

  10. What is the passage mainly concerned with?

  A. The benefits of trees.

  B. Trees and soil protection

  C. The various uses of trees.

  D. Different attitudes toward trees.

  Passage 3

  Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following passage:

  Adam Smith was the first person to see the importance of the division of the labor. He gave us  an example of the process by which pins were made in England.

  “One man draws out the wire, another strengthens it, a third cuts it, a fourth points it, and a fifth gives it a head. Just to make the head requires two or three different operations. The work of making pins is divided into about eighteen different operations, which in some factories are all performed by different people, though in others the same man will sometimes perform two or three of them.

  Ten men, Smith said, in this way, turned out twelve pounds of pins a day or about 4800 pins a worker. (79) But if all of them had worked separately and independently without division of labor, they certainly could not have made twenty pins in a day and not even one.

  There can be no doubt that division of labor is an efficient way of organizing work. Fewer people can make more pins. Adam Smith saw this, (80) but he also took it for granted that division of labor is itself responsible for economic growth and development and it accounts for the difference between expanding economies and those that stand still. But division of labor adds nothing new, it only enables people to produce more of what they already have.

  11. According to the passage, Adam Smith was the first person to__________

  A. take advantage of the physical labor

  B. introduce the division of labor into England

  C. understand the effects of the division of labor

  D. explain the bad causes of the division of labor

  12. Adam Smith saw that the division of labor__________

  A. enabled each worker to design pins more quickly

  B. increased the possible output per worker

  C. increased the number of people employed in factories

  D. improved the quality of pins produced

  13. Adam Smith mentioned the number 4800 in order to__________

  A. show the advantages of the old labor system

  B. stress how powerful the individual worker was

  C. show the advantages of the division of labor

  D. stress the importance of increased production

  14. According to the writer, Adam Smith's mistake was in believing

  that the division of labor__________

  A. was an efficient way of organizing work

  B. was an important development in methods of production

  C. finally led to economic development

  D. increased the production of existing goods

  15. According to the writer, which one of the following is NOT tree?

  A. Division of labor can enable fewer people to make more pins.

  B. Division of labor helps people to produce more of what they

  already have.

  C. Division of labor is by no means responsible for economic

  growth.

  D. Division of labor is an efficient way of organizing work.

  Part II  Vocabulary and Structure(30%)

  Directions: In this part there are 30 incomplete sentences. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C, and D. Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

  16. He spent__________collecting materials for his article.

  A. a half year              B. half year

  C. half a year             D. half of a year

  17. To succeed in a scientific experiment,__________

  A. one needs being patient person

  B. patience is to need

  C. one needs to be patient

  D. patience is what needed

  18. English is used by more people than is__________language except

  Chinese.

  A. any                  B. any Other

  C. other                  D. all other

  19. The dish__________terrible! I don't like it at all.

  A. tastes                 B. tasted

  C. will taste              D. is tasted

  20. She__________be ill because I saw her playing tennis just now.

  A . can't                  B. couldn't

  C. mustn't                D. may not

  21. Sorry, officer. I__________at 80 miles but I didn't see any sign in the

  area telling people how fast they can drive.

  A. should not drive         B. shouldn't have driven

  C. mustn't drive           D. can't drive

  22. Why not__________Professor Li for help? He is kind-hearted and

  willing to help.

  A. ask                   B. you ask

  C. to ask                  D your asking

  23. It is not easy__________the answer to the difficult math problem.

  A. to figure out            B. figuring out

  C. figure out               D. being figured out

  24. The tsunami (海嘯)__________over 160, 000 people were killed was

  a terrible disaster for human beings.

  A. of that                 B. among which

  C. during that             D. in which

  25. Take the medicine now. I believe it will__________your pain.

  A. release                 B. relive

  C. reject                  D. relieve

  26. How can you__________her offer? I'm afraid she will feel hurt.

  A. turn out                B. turn up

  C. turn down               D. turn away

  27. She apologized for__________to attend the meeting.

  A. her being not able        B. her to be not able

  C. her not to be able        D. her not being able to

  28. This new coat cost me__________the last one I bought two years

  ago.

  A. three times             B. three times as much as

  C. three times as much      D. three times much as

  29. Each term our professors would__________a list of books for us to

  read.

  A. hand in                B. give away

  C. pass out                D. write out

  30. I__________my wallet when I was shopping in the store.

  A. must have dropped       B. should have dropped

  C. could drop              D. ought to have dropped

  31. I believe you have__________your purse in the living-room.

  A. left alone               B. left behind

  C. left off                D. left out

  32. The results of the survey are interesting and they__________more

  questions than they can answer.

  A. bring about            B. prohibit

  C. project                 D. benefit from

  33. He abandoned a career that __________ to his becoming one of the

  most influential people in the world.

  A. could have led           B. would lead

  C. should have led          D. must lead

  34. The doctor's advice was that the patient __________ at once.

  A. to be operated           B. being operated

  C. be operated             D. operated

  35. __________by the look on her face, she didn't catch what I meant.

  A. Judging                B. Judged

  C. Judge                  D. To judge

  36. By no means __________ our mistakes.

  A. we ought ignore         B. we ought to ignore

  C. ought we ignore         D. ought we to ignore

  37. The teacher has his students __________ a composition every other

  week.

  A. to write                 B. written

  C. writing                  D. write

  38. Give the books to __________ needs them for the English class and

  the writing class.

  A. whomever              B. whom

  C. who                   D. whoever

  39. A solid is different from a liquid __________the solid has its definite

  shape.

  A. in that                B. in which

  C. in what                D. because of which

  40. It is because he is kind and modest__________he wins the respect of

  others.

  A. what                  B. which

  C. why                  D. that

  41. Your mother told me that you overslept this morning, __________, ?

  A. didn't she             B. didn't you

  C. did she                D. did you

  42. __________, he felt tired out after the long journey for eight hours.

  A. Strong as he is          B. The stronger he is

  C. Strong man that he is     D. For he is strong

  43. They have agreed that they will __________to the policy and will not

  change it.

  A. commit               B. stick

  C. combine               D. fall

  44. The company has to __________the benefits against the costs in the

  last three months.

  A. boast                 B. blame

  C. block                 D. balance

  45. We've __________paper and ink. Ask Mrs. Edward to lend us some.

  A. run away with           B. run out of

  C. run off                 D. run down

  Part Ⅲ  ldentification (10%)

  Directions: Each of the following sentences has four underlined parts marked A, B, C, and D. Identify the one that is not correct. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

  46. How could you make such a little child to help you carry the big box?

  A           B              C        D

  47. As soon as we've finished supper, we'll all go to downtown to

  A         B              C     D

  see the Sound of Munic.

  48. I really appreciate  you recommended me to that company in time.

  A             B             C           D

  49. He will not do it had he known how serious the outcome would be.

  A             B           C                D

  50. Her name sounds familiar with me but I can't tell who she is at the moment.

  A          B           C      D

  51. Rice has been a basically food for millions of people for hundreds of years.

  A       B                C              D

  52. The director and manager of the department are very strict with the employees.

  A            B               C           D

  53. Research shows that employees whose obtain satisfaction from

  A                     B            C

  their jobs are more productive.

  D

  54. Looking from another angle, the painting would show something different.

  A               B               C         D

  55. “Never  I have heard such a thing in my life!”said the old man.

  A       B           C              D

  Part IV Ctoze (10%)

  Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage, and for each blank there are 4 choices marked A, B, C and D at the end of the passage. You should choose the ONE answer that best fits into the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on tire: Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

  In every cultivated language there are two great classes of words, which makes up the whole vocabulary. First, there are those words  56  which we become familiar in daily conversation, which we  57  , that is to say, from the 58  of our own family and from our friends, and  59  we should know and use  60  we could not read or write. They  61  the common things of life with all the people who  62  the language. Such words may be called “popular”, since they belong to the people  63  and are not excluded  64  a limited class.

  On the other hand, our language  65  a large number of words which are comparatively  66  used in ordinary conversation. Their meanings are known to every educated person, but there is little  67 to use them at home or in the market-place. Our  68  acquaintance (熟悉) with them comes not from our mother's  69  or from the talk of our schoolmates,  70  from books that we read, lectures that we 71  , or the more  72  conversation of highly educated speakers who are discussing some particular  73  in a style properly higher above the habitual  74  of everyday life. Such words are called “learned”, and the  75  between them and the “popular” words is of great importance to a right understanding of language study process.

  56, A. at       B. with        C. by         D. through

  57. A. study    B. imitate      C. stimulate    D. learn

  58, A. mates    B. relatives     C. members    D. fellows

  59. A. which   B. that         C. those       D. ones

  60. A. even     B. despite      C. even if      D. in spite of

  61. A. mind    B. concern     C. care        D. relate

  62. A. hire     B. apply       C. adopt       D. use

  63. A. in public B. at most     C. at large     D. at best

  64. A. in       B. from        C. with        D. on

  65. A. consists  B. consists of   C. makes      D. composes

  66. A. seldom   B. much       C. greatly      D. often

  67. A. possibility B. way        C. reason      D. necessity

  68. A. primary  B. first        C. principal    D. prior

  69. A. tips     B. mouth      C. ears        D. tongue

  70. A. besides  B. and        C. yet        D. but

  71. A. hear of   B. attend       C. hear from    D. listen

  72. A. former   B. formula     C. formal      D. forward

  73. A. theme   B. topic       C. idea        D. point

  74. A. border   B. link        C. degree      D. extent

  75. A. relation  B. distinction   C. connection   D. similarity

  Part V Translation (20%)

  Section A

  Directions: In this part there are five sentences which you should translate into Chinese. These sentences are all taken from the 3 passage you have just read in the part of Reading Comprehension. You can refer back to the passages so as to identify their meanings in the context.

  76. They contain the quickest and the most efficient means of communicating within their respective culture.

  77. Even though a government realizes the importance of a plentiful supply of trees, it is difficult for it to persuade the villagers to see  this.

  78. So, unless the government has a good system of control, or can educate the people, the forests will slowly disappear.

  79. But if all of them had worked separately and independently without division of labor, they certainly could not have made twenty pins in a day and not even one.

  80. But he also took it for granted that division of labor is itself responsible for economic growth and development and it accounts for the difference between expanding economies and those that stand still.

  Section B

  Directions: In this part there are five sentences in Chinese. You should translate them into English. Be sure to write clearly.

  81.正是那棵樹在洪水中救了他們的命。

  82.我們無法想象在那個遙遠的星球上存在什么東西。

  83.他今早上學又遲到了。昨晚他肯定是睡得太晚了。

  84.父母沒有預料到孩子的問題這樣難回答。

  85.然而,在那個國家還有成千上萬的年輕人卻很難找到工作。

  北京地區成人本科學士學位英語統一考試答案(A)

  2005.11

  1-15  DCBBC     CBDDA     CBCCC

  16-30 CCBAA    BAADD   CDBDA

  31-45 BAACB    DDDAD   BABDB

  46-55  CBBAB   BCBAB

  56-75  BDCAA   BDBBB   ADCDD   BCBDB

  76  它們包含著各自文化當中最迅速和最有效的交流方式。

  77  即使一個政府意識到了大量樹木存在的重要性,它要勸說村民們也看到這點卻是困難的。

  78  所以,除非有好的控制體系,或者能教育好民眾。否則,森林將會緩慢地消失。

  79  但是如果他們分散工作,沒有勞動分工,他們肯定不可能一天生產出20個大頭針,也許一個也生產不出來。

  80  但是他想當然地認為勞動分工本身就可以促進經濟增長和發展并且以此來解釋為什么有些經濟體經濟快速增長,而有些則停滯不前。

  81  It is that tree that saved their lives in the flood.

  82  It is beyond our imagination that what exits in that star which is so far away.

  83  He was late again this morning. He must have slept too late last night.

  84  The parents did not expect that their child's question was too hard to give a reply.

  85  However, there are still thousands of young people who are hard to find a job in that country.

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